Determinantal Point Processes for Mini-Batch Diversification

Authors

Cheng Zhang (Disney Research Pittsburgh)
Hedvig Kjellström (KTH Royal Institute of Technology)
Stephan Mandt (Disney Research Pittsburgh)

Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI) 2017

August 12, 2017

We study a mini-batch diversification scheme for stochastic gradient descent (SGD). While classical SGD relies on uniformly sampling data points to form a mini-batch, we propose a non-uniform sampling scheme based on the Determinantal Point Process (DPP). The DPP relies on a similarity measure between data points and gives low probabilities to mini-batches which contain redundant data, and higher probabilities to mini-batches with more diverse data. This simultaneously balances the data and leads to stochastic gradients with lower variance. We term this approach Diversified Mini-Batch SGD (DM-SGD). We show that regular SGD and a biased version of stratified sampling emerge as special cases. Furthermore, DM-SGD generalizes stratified sampling to cases where no discrete features exist to bin the data into groups. We show experimentally that our method results more interpretable and diverse features in unsupervised setups, and in better classification accuracies in supervised setups.

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